Farmers and related occupations cultivate arable crops, fruits and trees, and raise cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry and other livestock for consumption.
- Feeds and waters animals, takes responsibility for livestock health and welfare, treats minor ailments and calls vet if necessary
- Plants, propagates, sprays, fertilises and harvests field crops
- Undertakes farm maintenance tasks such as fencing, hedging, cleaning and building maintenance
- Operates and maintains farm machinery such as combine harvesters, straw balers, milking machines and tractors
- Arranges for the sale of crops, livestock and other farm produce
- Maintains records of production, finance and breeding
- Ensures good environmental practice is observed in all tasks.
No formal academic qualifications are required, but prior practical farming experience is normally needed. Training is typically received on-the-job and via a variety of vocational qualifications in agriculture, including NVQs/SVQs at Levels 1 to 4. Apprenticeships are also available in some areas.